Thus in political philosophy, Hobbes favors strong, absolute monarchs and mechanisms of state control, acting as a bulwark against our tendency to regress to barbarism. Instead of ending strife, it perpetuates it. Locke believed that we have the right to life as well as the right to just and impartial protection of our property.
In respects to equality, since we all are owing our lives and rights to this creator and we are not God and so are subject to death, this makes all of us equal.
Works Cited Deutsch, Kenneth L. Also, the alternative to being governed, chaos, is far less desirable than peace. That while there are some who are stronger than others, the weak are capable of forming confederacies to kill the stronger and so be strong themselves Hobbes, p.
This absolute sovereignty is achieved when people give all their power to one individual or to an assembly of individuals through a contract or covenant Deutsch, p. Any violation of the social contract would one in a state of war with his fellow countrymen.
First, that the sovereign power is governed by the natural laws and inalienable right and are not allowed to violate them. One being the lack of recognition of or allowing for rebellion in the event of a tyrannical government and second in the limitations of power upon the executive, especially since that individual would not be a monarch.
Based off of this argument, in nature when two men come face to face on a narrow path, one will bash the other in the head to make way for his path, or perhaps enslave him to carry his burden and do work for him. His scholastic records were impressive, so he continued his education at Magdalen Hall, closely connected to Hertford College, Oxford.
According to Locke, the fight over freedom of religious expression was in part responsible for the strife present in his country.
Also, the monarch has responsibilities to the people. This is more productive than persecution, which creates strife and martyrs and a permanent rift between government and people.
Locke grew up within a century of civil war in England. Political philosophy of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke As Mosely stated, people have a right to their own thoughts and opinions.
Unlike Hobbes, Locke sees that man is not only interested in self survival, but also the survival of his society because of these governing laws. Sadly there is some ambiguity about the definition of these rights, but there are at least three that are well know.
Locke and Hobbes were both social contract theorists and natural law theorists. Locke views moral laws, stated Moselyas a sort of mutual understanding man has reached in society to live together peacefully. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. This makes any alliance, government or ruler subject to the law rather than being above it because they or he is the author of the law.
It is hoped that the sovereign will do what is right for his people if nothing more than for fear of violent death, and yet, the people are supposed to do as they are told for the same reasons.
Although, people should not follow blindly, but willingly.
This does not seem to be fair to wolves or men. Political philosophy of John Locke. Select network Thomas Hobbes and John Locke are some of the most influential thinkers of philosophical thought. What they both share in common are beliefs in the importance of reason and ambivalent or ambiguous views of Christianity, perhaps closer to deism or agnosticism than traditional Christianity.
This equality makes it so that each man has the ability to consent to be governed and does for the sake of survival. This returns us back to nature and basically destroys society. What is interesting is that these two states of nature Hobbes and Locke come up with are polar opposites.
According to Hobbes, the life of a man would be poor and brutal in a society with continuous fear and danger. Both perceive a need for free will and intelligence else under an extreme Hobbesian philosophy we would be battling brutes and under an extreme Lockeian philosophy we would be ants.
These ideas not only stem from Hobbes, but also enrich the basic concepts Hobbes put forth. Because they have not been appointed by God as monarchs are, and because all reformists should be suspect because they could be motivated by selfish, egotistical means, people should allow the monarch to dictate what it feels is necessary to establish unity within the country and maintain peace and the monarch must always act in the best interests of the masses and not with selfish intentions.
Both Hobbes and Locke see government as a necessity, but the amount of government and the means and justifications for ruling are very much different. He was one of the most influential Enlightenment thinkers and proved to be a great English philosopher and physician. This equality is not based of alliances, physical or mental prowess but rather on the fact that we are, in a sense, children of a god.Video: Thomas Hobbes & John Locke: Political Theories & Competing Views In this lesson, we discuss the two premier English political theorists of the 17th century: Thomas Hobbes and John Locke.
We'll also take a look at their impact on Western philosophy in contemporary and modern times. Locke's political theory was founded on social contract theory. Unlike Thomas Hobbes, Locke believed that human nature is characterized by reason and tolerance.
Like Hobbes, Locke believed that human nature allowed men to be selfish. Man is by nature a social animal. John Locke's philosophy saw human nature as a tabula rasa. Compare and contrast the political views of John Locke and Thomas Hobbes. What would be advantages and disadvantages of a living under the system(s) of government each man advocated?
Contrast iii. Thomas Hobbes (5 April – 4 December ) and John Locke (29 August – 28 October ) differed not only in philosophical systems and period but also in temperament, with Hobbes' worldview being significant more pessimistic than that of Locke.
John Locke And Thomas Hobbes Concept Comparison Philosophy Essay. Print Reference this. Published: 23rd March, Both Thomas Hobbes and John Locke contributed a great deal for the political philosophy, however they were far from agreeing with each.
This differs from Hobbes's views, who consider the Sovereign alone to have the only power. Jun 13, · John Locke and Thomas Hobbes were known as social contract theorists as well as natural law theorists. However, they are both completely different in terms of their stand and conclusions in several laws of nature.
Thomas Hobbes was an English philosopher from Malmesbury. He became famous when his /5(4).Download