One way of replying to this position would be to stress the fact that there are some features common to virtually all human moralities. Some of the earliest surviving philosophical texts are the Upanishads of the later Vedic period — BCE.
That task, which remains on the level of description, is one for anthropology or sociology. Indigenous American philosophy is the philosophy of the Indigenous people of the Americas. After the disappearance of Buddhism from India, these philosophical traditions continued to develop in the Tibetan BuddhistEast Asian Buddhist and Theravada Buddhist traditions.
The categories adopted in this article aim for breadth and simplicity. Westermarck had no difficulty in demonstrating tremendous diversity in what different societies considered good conduct in all these areas.
It seems therefore that, even for those who believe in the existence of God, it is impossible to give a satisfactory account of the origin of morality in terms of divine creation.
More recent, though less comprehensivestudies have confirmed that human societies can and do flourish while holding radically different views about all such matters—though of course various groups within a society may do less well under some sets of beliefs A discussion on philosophers and philosophy others.
Anthropology and ethics Many people believe that there are no moral universals—i.
It has already been shown that this is not the case. Beyond this common ground, the variations in moral attitudes soon become more striking than the similarities. That morality should be invested with all the mystery and power of divine origin is not surprising.
Page 1 of 2. So for, instance he discusses a hypothetical Christian philosopher who is attracted to Quine. He writes Quine is a marvelously gifted philosopher… But his fundamental commitments, his fundamental projects and concerns, are wholly different from those of the Christian community-wholly different and, indeed, antithetical to them.
Among some of the Native Americans in the United States there is a belief in a metaphysical principle called the "Great Mystery" Siouan: It would seem that the best way to ensure that those that cheat do not prosper is for animals to be able to recognize cheats and refuse them the benefits of cooperation the next time around.
There may also be a loyalty to the group as a whole that is distinct from loyalty to individual members of the group. Eleatics Parmenides of Elea cast his philosophy against those who held "it is and is not the same, and all things travel in opposite directions,"—presumably referring to Heraclitus and those who followed him.
Our philosophical work should be informed by science, and often I read brilliant papers that could be better if the author had bothered to read up on the relevant cognitive science, often literature.
Male baboons threaten predators and cover the rear as the troop retreats. All things come to pass in accordance with Logos,  which must be considered as "plan" or "formula",  and "the Logos is common". What do you think about the relationship between philosophy, religion, and science?
Social life, even for nonhuman animals, requires constraints on behaviour. Of course, there are immense differences in the way in which the broad principles so far discussed are applied.
The modern period saw the rise of Buddhist modernism and Humanistic Buddhism under Western influences and the development of a Western Buddhism with influences from modern psychology and Western philosophy. Thus, a system of punishment and a notion of just desert constitute the other side of reciprocal altruism.
Like humans, social animals may behave in ways that benefit other members of the group at some cost or risk to themselves. This argument would, however, involve a fallacy.
Evidence supports this conclusion: We look forward to your comments! If the explanation for the common features is simply that they are advantageous in terms of evolutionary theory, that does not make them right.
Without an independent standard, it would be pointless to say that God is good; this could mean only that God is approved of by God. During later Chinese dynasties like the Ming Dynasty — as well as in the Korean Joseon dynasty — a resurgent Neo-Confucianism led by thinkers such as Wang Yangming — became the dominant school of thought, and was promoted by the imperial state.
Classical Greek philosophy[ edit ]. In more sophisticated versions, the motivation provided by religion was more inspirational and less blatantly self-interested. These, by means of their inherent movement, are crossing the void and creating the real material bodies.Philosophy for Children: Lesson Plans Created by Philosophy (Pre-College Philosophy) Class Members The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Philosophy Discussion topic: What is philosophy?
What is the purpose of philosophy? Discussion duration: 50 Minutes. Theoretical Philosophy is just a byproduct of misunderstanding language.
50% 50%. View and join the debate. Yes No. If you found out you were living in a simulation, would you attempt to break out to your base reality? Classic blue pill-red pill. 50% 50%. The Dallas Philosophers Forum is dedicated to bringing philosophy, ideas, and intellectual discussion to an interested and educated audience in the DFW area.
The philosophy talks are designed to be engaging and non-technical and thus they are enjoyable by the layperson or academician alike: Philosophy made user friendly. The PhilPapers Surveys Results, Analysis and Discussion The PhilPapers Survey was a survey of professional philosophers and others on their philosophical views, carried out in November The Survey was taken by respondents, including philosophy faculty members and/or PhDs and philosophy graduate students.
In an interview for What Is It Like to Be a Philosopher?, Clifford Sosis asks Helen De Cruz (Oxford Brookes University) about the relationship between philosophy, religion, and science.
She discusses Platinga, Quine, Tania Lombrozo, Abraham Heschel, and others.
The following is an excerpt from. Meet other local amateur Philosophers to discuss the world and what we know about it. 1, members 3, Meetups The Critical Thinking & Discussion Forum-Farmville.
75 Thinkers. Largest Philosophy Meetups. 1 the london philosophy club 9, Philosophers | London, United Kingdom.
Filip M. Organized by Filip M. Filip M.Download