An introduction to the life and literature by nietszche

While this suggestion, and even the very idea of self-creation, has remained controversial both textually and philosophically see, e. But what about a personal-level self to serve as the owner of such attitudes?

The Self and Self-fashioning A probing investigation into the psyche was a leading preoccupation for Nietzsche throughout his career, and this aspect of his thought has rightly been accorded central importance across a long stretch of the reception, all the way from Kaufmann to recent work by PippinKatsafanasand others.

One last point deserves special mention. Let us look away. After the death of his mother inNietzsche lived in Weimar, where his sister Elisabeth cared for him. Now, fully in the grip of insanity variously attributed to syphilis, brain cancer and frontotemporal dementiahe was transferred to a clinic in Jena where he was looked after by his mother and sister, and where various unsuccessful attempts at a cure were made, until his mother finally took him back to her home in Naumburg.

However, in Marchwhile jumping into the saddle of his horse, Nietzsche struck his chest against the pommel and tore two muscles in his left side, leaving him exhausted and unable to walk for months.

On the positive side, Nietzsche is equally keen to detail the psychological conditions he thinks would be healthier for both individuals and cultures see, e.

Most philosophers write treatises or scholarly articles, governed by a precisely articulated thesis for which they present a sustained and carefully defended argument. He also found time to work on poems and musical compositions.

The most extensive development of this Nietzschean critique of morality appears in his late work On the Genealogy of Morality, which consists of three treatises, each devoted to the psychological examination of a central moral idea.

In the fall ofhis writings and letters began to reveal a higher estimation of his own status and "fate". He is known to have tried using the Hansen Writing Balla contemporary typewriter device. His point was that, if there is nothing outside this world no God, no transcendental realm of any sortthen any justification or meaning that life has must be derived from within itself, in the same way as the meaning of a painting or a poem comes only from within itself.

Soon Nietzsche made contact with the music-critic Carl Fuchs. Indeed, the case is even worse than that, according to Nietzsche. These essays are known collectively as the Untimely Meditations. Such a morality needs to have universalistic pretensions: This was his major premise, and also the goal towards which he thought all Ethics should be directed.

GS After that opening move, Nietzsche develops the idea in several more sections: Others Hussain take Nietzsche to be advocating a fictionalist posture, according to which values are self-consciously invented contributions to a pretense through which we can satisfy our needs as valuing creatures, even though all evaluative claims are strictly speaking false.

There is something to this reaction: His symptoms included intense headaches, nausea, and trouble with his eyesight. His health had always been precarious, with moments of acute shortsightedness, migraine headaches and violent stomach upsets, possibly as a result of syphilis contracted in a brothel as a student.

Many are divided into short, numbered sections, which only sometimes have obvious connections to nearby sections. From that standpoint, the moralist can perfectly well allow that ascetic valuation is self-punishing and even destructive for the moral agent, but such conclusions are entirely consistent with—indeed, they seem like warranted responses to—the pessimistic evaluation.

Affects are emotional states that combine a receptive and felt responsiveness to the world with a tendency toward a distinctive pattern of reaction—states like love, hate, anger, fear, joy, etc. What happened remains unknown, but an often-repeated tale from shortly after his death states that Nietzsche witnessed the flogging of a horse at the other end of the Piazza Carlo Alberto, ran to the horse, threw his arms up around its neck to protect it, and then collapsed to the ground.

Those views would entail that the basic conditions of cognition prevent our ever knowing things as they really are, independently of us see Anderson; Hussain ; and the entry on Friedrich Albert Lange.

Malwida von Meysenbug remained like a motherly patron even outside the Wagner circle. If I become convinced that something I valued is not in fact valuable, that discovery is normally sufficient to provoke me to revise my value, suggesting that valuing must be responsive to the world; by contrast, subjective desires often persist even in the face of my judgment that their objects are not properly desirable, or are unattainable; see the entries on value theory and desire.

He posited that the original system of morality was the "master-morality", dating back to ancient Greece, where value arises as a contrast between good the sort of traits found in a Homeric hero: His aphorisms revealed how the form could be extended from its essentially pedagogical origins providing compressed, memorable form for some principle or observation into a sustained, exploratory mode of reasoning with oneself.

However, rather than destroying morality, Nietzsche wanted a re-evaluation of the values of Judeo-Christianity, preferring the more naturalistic source of value which he found in the vital impulses of life itself. What is most important, however, is the structure of the thought in GS He went on to list the number of people Epicurusfor example, had to rely on even to supply his simple diet of goat cheese.Nietzsche: Life as Literature 9th Printing, Edition.

by Alexander Nehamas (Author) › Visit Amazon's Alexander Nehamas Page. Find all the books, read about the author, and more. See search results for this author. Are you an author? /5(10). Famously, the book concludes with Nietzsche’s first introduction of his thought of eternal recurrence, which is supposed to place “The greatest weight” on each event through its suggestion that our life is good only if, upon imagining its return in every detail, we can affirm it as it is (GS ).

Nietzsche: Life as Literature / Edition 1 More than eighty years after his death, Nietzsche’s writings and his career remain disquieting, disturbing, obscure. His most famous views—the will to power, the eternal recurrence, the Übermensch, the master morality—often seem incomprehensible or, worse, $ Alexander Nehamas writes in Nietzsche: Life as Literature of three ways of seeing the eternal recurrence: "(A) My life will recur in exactly identical fashion." This expresses a totally fatalistic approach to the idea.

Friedrich Nietzsche held a pessimistic view on modern society and culture.

His views stand against the concept of popular. Nietzsche: Life as Literature (review) Peter Fenves Philosophy and Literature, Volume 11, Number 1, Aprilpp. (Review) Published by. Find helpful customer reviews and review ratings for Nietzsche: Life as Literature at Read honest and unbiased product reviews from our users.

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