Using an automated console, the engineer can record the settings that each band asks for during their individual soundchecks. The front of house FOH engineer focuses on mixing audio for the audience, and most often operates from the Live sound of the audience or at the last few rows of the audience.
In smaller clubs with lower- to mid-priced audio consoles, the audio engineer may only have a single "auxiliary send" knob on each channel strip. An example of adding effects to the entire output mix would be to use a graphic equalizer to adjust the frequency response of the entire mix. In large venues, such as outdoor festivals, bands may request a mix of the full band through the monitors, including vocals and instruments.
Bass players typically ask for a good volume of bass drum along with the guitars. Sound checks and technical rehearsals[ edit ] For small events, often a "sound check" is conducted a few hours before the show.
Then, during the concert, the engineer can call up the settings from memory, and the faders will automatically move to the position that they were placed in during the soundcheck.
Vocalists may request other instruments in their monitor mix, as well. The final part of the sound check is to have the rhythm section and all the vocalists perform a song from their repertoire. Training and background[ edit ] Audio engineers must have extensive knowledge of audio engineering to produce a good mix, because they have to understand how to mix different instruments and amplifiers, what types of mics to use, where to place the mics, how to attenuate "hot" instrument signals that are overloading and clipping the channel, how to prevent audio feedbackhow to set the audio compression for different instruments and vocals, and how to prevent unwanted distortion of the vocal sound.
Foldback[ edit ] The foldback or monitor engineer focuses on mixing the sound that the performers hear on stage via a stage monitor system also known as the foldback system.
Front of house mixing[ edit ] Two FOH consoles at an outdoor event. Equipment[ edit ] Audio equipment is usually connected together in a sequence known as the signal chain.
These rehearsals are used to fine-tune the Live sound technical aspects such as lighting, sound, video associated with a live performance.
The instruments drum kitelectric bass and bass amplifieretc. Guitar players typically want to hear the bass drum, other guitars Live sound. Automated mixing consoles are a great time saver for concerts where a main band is preceded by several support acts.
They must also understand the types of sounds and tones that various musical acts in different genres expect in their live sound mix. Once all the instruments are set up, the engineer asks each instrumentalist to perform alone, so that the levels and equalization for the instruments can be adjusted.
This allows the sound of the instruments and vocals to be fine-tuned prior to the audience hearing the first song. Once the sound of each individual instrument is set, the engineer asks the band to play a song from their repertoire, so that the levels of one instrument versus another can be adjusted.
This is because in a rock band, the guitarist, bassist and keyboardist typically have their own large amplifiers and speakers, and rock drums are loud enough to be heard acoustically. Mics are set up for the lead vocalist and backup vocalist and the singers are asked to sing individually and as a group, so that the engineer can adjust the levels and equalization.
Larger, more expensive audio consoles may provide the capabilities to make multiple monitor mixes e. Broadcast mixing is usually performed in an OB van parked outside the venue. However, to be a professional live sound engineer, an individual needs more than just technical knowledge.
A live sound engineer must know, for example, the difference between creating the powerful drum sound that a heavy metal drummer will want for their kit, versus a drummer from a Beatles tribute band.
For smaller shows, such as bar and smaller club gigs, it is common for the monitors to be mixed from the front of house position, and the number of individual monitor mixes could be limited by the capabilities of the front of house mixing desk.
This knowledge of musical styles is typically learned from years of experience listening to and mixing sound in live contexts. In live sound situations, this consists of input transducers like microphonespickupsand DI boxes.
Each channel on a mixing console typically has a vertical "channel strip", which is a column of knobs and buttons which are used to adjust the level and the bass, middle register and treble of the signal. Usually, individual performers receive personalised feeds either via monitors placed on the stage floor in front of them or via in-ear monitors.
In a noisy club with high-volume rock music groups, monitor engineers may be asked for just the vocals in the monitors. The audio console also typically allows the engineer to add effects units to each channel addition of reverbetc. On a larger scale, technical rehearsals may be held in the days or weeks leading up to a concert.
Vocalists typically want to hear their own vocals. With only one "aux send", an engineer would only be able to make a single monitor mix, which would normally be focused on meeting the needs of the lead singer. In the s, many professional bands and major venues use digital mixing consoles that have automated controls and a digital memory for previous settings.
Audio signal processing may be applied to inserted on individual inputs, groups of inputs, or the entire output mix, using processors that are internal to the mixer or external outboard effects, which are often mounted in 19" racks.
During this song, the engineer can adjust the balance of the different instruments and vocalists.A live sound system is a lot more than just a mixer and your mics. You'll need speakers for sound reinforcement, and if you don't go with in-ears, then you'll need quality stage.
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Live sound mixing is the process of electrically or digitally blending together multiple sound sources at a live event by an audio engineer using a mixing console or software.
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He looks at managing the low end as well as utilizing tools to help clean up a b. At Live Sound and Stage LLC., we believe that a solid sound reinforcement system is the sum of its parts - each component must be strong.
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