Pest analysis for thailand and sri is an example of mutualismin which each organism fig plant and fig wasp benefit each other, in this case reproductively. This accounts for the frequent presence of wasp larvae in the fruit, and has led to a coevolutionary relationship.
In temperate climes, wasps hibernate in figs, and there are distinct crops. Corner reorganized the genus on the basis of breeding system, uniting these Pest analysis for thailand and sri dioecious subgenera into a single dioecious subgenus Ficus.
The intimate association between fig species and their wasp pollinators, along with the high incidence of a one-to-one plant-pollinator ratio have long led scientists to believe that figs and wasps are a clear example of coevolution.
Moreover, figs with different plant habits have undergone adaptive radiation in different biogeographic regions, leading to very high levels of alpha diversity.
Nonetheless, the wasp pollinates the flower with Pest analysis for thailand and sri from the caprifig it grew up in. This find predates the first known cultivation of grain in the Middle East by many hundreds of years.
The wood of fig trees is often soft and the latex precludes its use for many purposes. However, figs are skin allergens, and the latex is a serious eye irritant.
Fig wasps grow in common fig caprifigs but not in the female syconiums because the female flower is too long for the wasp to successfully lay her eggs in them. However, current molecular clock estimates indicate that Ficus is a relatively ancient genus being at least 60 million years old,  and possibly as old as 80 million years.
This classification put functionally dioecious species into four subgenera based on floral characters. The genus Dorsteniaalso in the fig family Moraceaeexhibits similar tiny flowers arranged on a receptacle but in this case the receptacle is a more or less flat, open surface.
Technically, a fig fruit proper would be only one of the many tiny matured, seed-bearing gynoecia found inside one fig — if you cut open a fresh fig, individual fruit will appear as fleshy "threads", each bearing a single seed inside. The unique fig pollination system, involving tiny, highly specific wasps, known as fig wasps that enter via ostiole these sub-closed inflorescences to both pollinate and lay their own eggs, has been a constant source of inspiration and wonder to biologists.
While the morphological characteristics that facilitate the fig-wasp mutualisms are likely to be shared more fully in closer relatives, the absence of unique pairings would make it impossible to do a one-to-one tree comparison and difficult to determine cospeciation.
The fig fruits, important as both food and traditional medicinecontain laxative substances, flavonoids, sugars, vitamins A and C, acids and enzymes. It was used to make mummy caskets in Ancient Egypt. For a list of other diseases common to fig trees, see List of foliage plant diseases Moraceae.
Fig plants can be monoecious hermaphrodite or gynodioecious hermaphrodite and female. The real proportion is higher because not all wasp species were detected. Depending on the species, each fruit can contain hundreds or even thousand of seeds. Similarly, the sweet potato whitefly Bemisia tabaci is frequently found as a pest on figs grown as potted plants and is spread through the export of these plants to other localities.
In the tropics, it is quite common to find that Ficus is the most species-rich plant genus in a particular forest. The main radiation of extant species, however, may have taken place more recently, between 20 and 40 million years ago.
The flowers are pollinated by very small wasps that crawl through the opening in search of a suitable place to lay eggs. Caprifigs have three crops per year; common figs have two. All figs possess a white to yellowish latexsome in copious quantities; the twig has paired stipules or a circular stipule scar if the stipules have fallen off; and the lateral veins at the base of the leaf are steep, forming a tighter angle with the midrib than the other lateral veins, a feature referred to as "tri-veined".
The hermaphrodite common figs are called "inedible figs" or "caprifigs"; in traditional culture in the Mediterranean region they were considered food for goats Capra aegagrus.
In turn, the flowers provide a safe haven and nourishment for the next generation of wasps. Their fruit are a key resource for some frugivores including fruit batsand primates including: Fig wasps are not known to transmit any diseases harmful to humans.
Some better-known species that represent the diversity of the genus include the common figa small temperate deciduous tree whose fingered fig leaf is well known in art and iconography ; the weeping fig F. In Asia as many as 70 or more species can co-exist.
Morphological and reproductive behavior evidence, such as the correspondence between fig and wasp larvae maturation rates, have been cited as support for this hypothesis for many years.
The other includes section Urostigma s. There is evidence that figs, specifically the common fig F. Many Lepidoptera caterpillars feed on fig leaves, for example several Euploea species crow butterfliesthe plain tiger Danaus chrysippusthe giant swallowtail Papilio cresphontesthe brown awl Badamia exclamationisand Chrysodeixis eriosomaChoreutidae and Copromorphidae moths.
Many have aerial roots and a distinctive shape or habit, and their fruits distinguish them from other plants. When the wasp dies, it is broken down by enzymes Ficain inside the fig. One consists of all sections of Urostigma except for section Urostigma s. It also states that the fruit which is black can be eaten.
Mutualism with the pollinating fig wasps[ edit ] Ficus exasperatafruits Each species of fig is pollinated by one or a few specialised wasp species, and therefore plantings of fig species outside of their native range results in effectively sterile individuals.Investment analysis; Thailand 1.
PESTEL factors Thailand has developed into an independent nation found in the mainland of Southeast Asia. Thailand is a constitutional kingdom operating on systems of the Monarchy with the King who has ruled from the early years of In brief.
The army and its allies have cemented control over politics via a constitution approved in a referendum held in Elections will be held in and the military will retain overarching influence over the government even after fresh polls.
Ficus (/ ˈ f aɪ k ə s / or / ˈ f iː k ə s /) is a genus of about species of woody trees, shrubs, vines, epiphytes and hemiepiphytes in the family mint-body.comtively known as fig trees or figs, they are native throughout the tropics with a few species extending into the semi-warm temperate zone.
The common fig (F. carica) is a temperate species. Pest Analysis. PEST and PESTLE analysis is a framework used in the environmental scanningcomponent of strategic management. Under PEST and PESTLE analysis are externalfactors which are the major players in the success and failure of an organization.
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ESSAYS, term and research papers available for UNLIMITED access. SWOT analysis, scenario analysis, and risk analysis of Thailand is also included in the report. The report also includes forecast for the Thai economic growth through The report highlights various drivers and challenges which have influence on investment decisions in the mint-body.com: €Download